Heat Pumps in Scotland

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What Is This Page About?

This page is to guide you further on if you are looking into the possibility of buying a heat pump for your house, or some public property. To provide you with a short overview, installers and producers concentrate on three different kinds of heat pumps categories, with a certain number of sub categories for each of them. The main categories include air-source heat pumps (ASHP), ground-source heat pumps (GSHP), and water-source heat pumps (WSHP). On this page, you will also be able to find information concentrating on Scotland, namely on the four largest Scottish cities, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, and Inverness. When you click on the symbol on the map, or the block with the city name above this text, you will find specialized information for that distinct area, which you might also find useful when making your decision. Furthermore, we included an info&docs section, which incorporates governmental applications, and general governmental information that you will need to know, when applying for a heat pump installation permit.

Does Scotland Have a Good Heat Pump Potential?

As it is true with many things in life: some are better, others are worse. In general, there is potential for harnessing geothermal energy in Scotland, even more than enough to lower the energy costs on a major scale. Below, you will find certain details about the advantages and disadvantages of the different kinds and models of heat pumps.

Air Source Heat Pumps

Air-source heat pumps always have potential, because they have the lowest installation and running costs. Despite Scotland still profiting from the influence of the Gulf Stream, it might provide not enough efficiency in terms of energy harnessing. The reason is that air-source heat pumps work better with increasing temperatures, as they are either used for space heating by bringing in the outside air and warming it during the whole process; or they are based on the air to water variant. This means that the air acquired is being used for heating up water, which will then go through a cycle in the house towards a variety of appliances.

Water Source Heat Pumps

Although these kinds of heat pumps are usually not used so often due to the necessity of having a decently-sized lake or other waters close (also belonging to you), exactly this variant could be one of the most profitable ones in Scotland. Apart from lakes and the seaside, Scotland has a good potential that has barely been scratched so far with its old mining networks. Most of the mines in Scotland that stopped yielding profit have previously been filled with water for a variety of reason. The potential comes from the fact that the temperature of the water will be constant all year long, as the seasons are unable to influence the water temperature at such depths. A water-source heat pump can be taken to take up the water, and harness the heat energy in it, or a pipe system with a coolant substance can be build through the water basin areas. The coolants used can heat up even at temperatures well below the freezing point of water. This system is already being used in an area in Glasgow in order to heat a number of houses. Installing a turbine as well, one could also harness electricity from the water heat energy potential.

Ground Source Heat Pumps

This kind of heat pumps also has potential in Scotland. According to the British Geological Survey, the heat energy below Scotland would be enough to cover up to 40% of Scotland's energy consumption. Some ground-source heat pumps and their pipe systems are installed just a little below the surface of the earth (depending on the amount of space available), others need a deep hole to be drilled into the earth, then providing you with different types of heat pump systems to possibly be installed. One injects cold water and then sucks out warmer water at a later point through another pipe, leading it up into the heat pump; another type incorporates a pipe system to be placed into the whole with a refrigerant going through it, warming up  even at the coldest temperatures, the coming back out to heat a second pipe system with water running through it.

For How Long Does a Heat Pump Last?

Naturally, this depends on a number of details for every single situation. However, for a standard 2-children family, estimates result in around 5 to 7 years in order for the heat pump to reimburse its costs. In terms of the heat pump's longevity, one can safely say that the pump will last a minimum of 20 years, usually a lot longer. After that time, the first major parts have to be exchanged, but it will mean around 15 years of inexpensive energy production for you. 

How to Apply For a Heat Pump?

We collected all information about governmental application forms and  sheets so you can  find them under info&docs:

Read More: Information for Applying in Scotland

What Else Do I Need to Do In Order to Get a Heat Pump?

Just continue reading over the next few pages by picking your city or general area. Once you feel convinced more, you can fill out our free and non-obligatory form to receive quotes for a heat pump from up to four certified installers.